AskDefine | Define academician

Dictionary Definition

academician

Noun

1 someone elected to honorary membership in an academy
2 a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation [syn: schoolman]
3 an educator who works at a college or university [syn: academic, faculty member]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

French académicien. See Academy.

Pronunciation

  • /əˌkædəˈmɪʃən/

Noun

  1. A member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of Arts.
  2. A collegian - Chesterfield
  3. A member of the faculty of a college or university.

Related terms

rel-top terms related to academician

Translations

member of an academy
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (yuànshì)
  • Finnish: akateemikko
  • German: Akademiker, Akademikerin
collegian
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (xuéshēng)
  • Finnish: akateemikko
  • German: Akademiker, Akademikerin, Student, Studentin
member faculty
  • Finnish: akateemikko
  • German: Akademiker, Akademikerin

Extensive Definition

The title Academician denotes a Full Member of an art, literary, or scientific academy.
In many countries it is a honorary title.
"Academician" may also be a functional title and denote a full member of the National Academy of Sciences in those countries where the Academy has a strong influence on national scientific life, particularly countries that were part of, or influenced by, the Soviet Union. In such countries, "Academician" is used as a honorific (like "Doctor", "Professor" etc) when addressing or speaking about someone. Countries where the term Academician is used in this way include Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Moldova, Serbia, Slovenia, Romania, Croatia, Bulgaria and possibly others.
The British honour Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) can be considered as roughly equivalent.
There also exists a lower-rank title, variously translated Corresponding Member or Associate Member (of the corresponding academy), (chlen-korrespondent).
In Finland, "Academician" (lang-fi akateemikko) is an honorary title and the President of the Republic nominates the Academicians. There can be 12 Finnish Academicians representing science and scholarly pursuits and 8 Academicians representing fine arts and literature at the same time. The state funding agency of Finnish science and letters is called Academy of Finland, but it has no organizational connection to Finnish Academicians. The scientists and scholars funded by the Academy of Finland are called Academy Professors (lang-fi akatemiaprofessori) and Academy Research Fellows (lang-fi akatemiatutkija). In addition to Academy of Finland, Finland has four independent national academies.

See also

academician in Azerbaijani: Akademik
academician in Bulgarian: Академик
academician in German: Akademiemitglied
academician in Dutch: Academicus
academician in Japanese: 学者
academician in Russian: Академик
academician in Finnish: Akateemikko
academician in Ukrainian: Академік

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

bookman, classicist, clerk, colossus of knowledge, genius, giant of learning, humanist, learned clerk, learned man, literary man, litterateur, lover of learning, man of learning, man of letters, mastermind, mine of information, philologist, philologue, philomath, philosophe, philosopher, polyhistor, polymath, pundit, savant, scholar, scholastic, schoolman, student, walking encyclopedia
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